Designing Cities: Planning and Architecture BA Year 2 Climate Urbanism Studio

BA Designing Cities Year 2 5PLAN005W Project: Regeneration and Development Tutors: Dr Giulio Verdini is Reader in Urban Planning and Course Leader of the BA Designing Cities. He is the Co-convener of the Emerging Territories Research Group. Dr Corinna Dean, established the Archive for Rural Contemporary Architecture. She is a member of the Emerging Territories Research Group. Year 2 Students Mariam Aluede Lucia Canaii Melva Costa Gomez Madhis Hosseini Assel Irmenova Ali Khalifa Marco Mantega Nicole Pietrucha Marisoul Rofail Edward Rumary Samira Saeed Kourosh Shabani Shahir Amelia Wilson.

BA DESIGNING CITIES 2nd YEAR STUDIO: CLIMATE URBANISM STUDIO The Climate Urbanism Studio investigates how to build up climate resilient and inclusive post-pandemic neighbourhoods, capitalizing on existing learning from the COVID-19 outbreak. This is becoming increasingly important in city development and planning in response to the call to ensure a smooth green recovery as advocated by the recent COP26 in Glasgow. Our Climate Urbanism Studio is based on the application of an integrated analytical and design framework to understand and map city vulnerabilities, in the attempts to address together economic shocks, pandemics and climate challenges, producing meanwhile scenarios of resiliency and design explorations at the local level (Verdini, Dean, 2022). The case study selected for this year is the borough of Newham, in East London. Newham is one of the most diverse boroughs of London, with high level of social deprivation. The COVID pandemic has also exacerbated these problems. On the other hand, Newham is also committed to a number of promising experiences of local government. In particular, it is experimenting the council’s first permanent Citizens Assembly, which is one of the most innovative processes of ‘participatory democracy’ of the UK. Residents’ view, including the youth, taking part in the Citizens Assembly, has been already incorporated into its Climate Emergency Action Plan and, more recently, a series of recommendations on the topic of ‘Greening the Borough’ has been published. The Council is planning now to develop an action plan aiming to: encourage physical and digital access to green space, implement community projects around green space and wellbeing, supporting the development of green infrastructures networks, pockets of green, and the re-wilding of existing areas. Students’ work gives voices to people and explore concrete solutions for greening the borough.

GUEST CRITICS Daniel Sefton and Year 3 BADC Students. SPECIAL THANKS Documentations provided by Newham Borough. Dr. Christian Nolf for his lecture on water urbanism in China and Flanders. Studio PAL: Suzana Meziad.

The greenway is a urban greenpath that extends from Hackney to Beckton, cutting through the borough of Newham in east London. It gained form on the 19th century with the construction of an urban sewage system that linked the earsternmost parts of the Greater London at the time to the newly built Abbey Mills Pumping Station between the River Lea and the Channelsea River. Maps from left to right: Aerial view of central-east London Aerial view of the site divided into 4 groups. Situated in a historically neglected area, the project was always overlooked by developers and had just enough budget to afford its maintanance and survival by the Newham council. Recently, however, the aftermaths of COVID19 pandemic exacerbated the need for safe, environmentally friendly and aesthetically appealling open areas for recreation, commuting and to fight pollution levels, and how much the area lacked them.

Three Mills Island Group 1 Rep.: Amelia Wilson

Channelsea River Group 2 Rep.: Marco Mantega, Nicole Pietrucha Through a series of urban fabric analysis, character appraisal and mapping of the area, it was our task as planners to highlight the main issues and hidden potential of the area. Or main goal was not to simply design an intervention but to cater to the needs, will and constrains of the community with investigated and through our observations deliver a proposal that realistically matches what they are looking for. Site Area 5min away from the centre of the site 10min away from the centre of the site 20min away from the centre of the site 20min away from site based on existing infrastructure Tourism- Fully Accessible Tourism- Seasonal Tourism- Currently inaccessible Existing Commercial/Workplaces Residential Areas Abbey Mills Pumping Station Historical Victorian building Potential to attract tourists that want to know more about the city's history and architecture heritage Currently open to the public once a month Channelsea Path Greenway connecting the centre of Stratford to the site Potential to attract local Eco- Tourism or become part of pedestrian- focused touristic route Currently accessible to the public, however poorly maintained Bromley by Bow Gasholders Disused gasholders with preserved Victorian aesthetics Potential to attract aesthetic and social media tourism as well as historic tourism Currently inaccessible to the public and although the structures are preserved, the space surrounding it has been neglected Channelsea Island Former chemical works site, untouched since the 1980s, which allowed its own biodiversity to flourish. Potential to attract eco and historic tourism Currently inaccessible to the public. Risk of its ecosystem being damaged by human contact River Lea Riverwalk Pedestrian green path that links the mouth of the river Lea at the Thames to Northeast London Already attracts green and eco tourism as well as health enthusiast and the local community in general Currently accessible and well maintained, however lacking proper lighting, seating facilities, ramp accesses and bins Three Mills Island Historic island home to a 18th-19th century preserved mill, but with its origins dating back to the 12th century Potential to historic and aesthetic/social media tourism Currently accessible to the public, however since privatized some of the buildings' interior became inaccessible Newham Memorial Ground Cemetery and open green area with fields that accommodate outdoors sports and recreational activities Potential to attract ecotourism, historic tourism and ghost hunters, tourism mode that has been expanding throughout the years and is already dominant in several other cemeteries across London. Currently accessible to the public and generally well maintained Talent House- Sugar House Island Primary Education Capacity: 420 students Delivered in September 2021, currently looking for local volunteers for a range of ludic and Old Palace Primary Education Students enrolled: 416 students East London Arts and Music Academy/College level Student capacity: 300 East London Science School High School and College level Students enrolled: 638 This school was deemed inadequate by the latest Ofsted report TwelveTrees Science Academy Capacity: 1000 students To be delivered with the estate development (Q3/Q4 2023) Gainsborough House Primary School and cultural centre Students enrolled: 338 students Services provided: -Exhibition spaces -Art-related Workshops Ranelagh Primary School & Nursery Students enrolled: 2235 students Manor Primary Education & Nursery Students enrolled: 265 Abbey Lane Children Centre Creche/Nursery Most information unavailable United Hindu cultural Association Hindu NGO and Charitable culture centre Services provided: - Space for Hindu festivities, celebrations and prayers Iglesia Ni Cristo - Locale of Stratford Christian church Services provided: - Space for Christian festivities, celebrations and prayers Masjid e Ilyas Markaz Tableegh Mosque There is desire from users and imans for the site to be changed or redeveloped Bromley-by-Bow Surgery Health Centre integrated to the BBBCentre, providing locals with easy access to GP appointments TwelveTrees Community Centre To be delivered with the estate development (Q3/Q4 2023) Bromley-By- Bow Community Centre services include: - Community activities (such as physical, gardening and elder care) -Skill development and training -Small entrepreneur support Educational facilities Educational facilities- under construction Cultural/Religious/Community centres Cultural/Religious/Community centres- under construction Healthcare facilities

West Ham Group 3 Rep.: Mahdis Hosseini Strategy • Improving parks and promote access to physical activities. . • Catering to the conservation of greenery and biodiversity. • Instigate local participation and volunteering. • Preserve the right to privacy of the direct neighbours of the greenway through green infrastructure policies. • Decrease levels of air pollution and the harmful presence of urban heat pockets. The group report’s goal is to identify places along the Green Way that have the potential to create a network of social and environmental infrastructures for the surrounding residential communities. Parks, pockets of green space, public places, residual infrastructure, brownfields, and empty property are examples of such locales. The group’s effort is concentrated in the West Ham and Greenway neighbourhoods.

Plasitow Group 4 Rep.:Kourosh Shahir In order to address the citizen’s assembly’s need of creating more accessible green space, the group visited the area to become familiar with the surrounding, and to locate a few points which enabled for the design of green infrastructure. Comparing the population density of different roads.

Inclusive Greening Amelia Wilson In terms of environmental transformation there is a lack of green space within the Mill meads area but by integrating the suburban houses into the green environment and placing greenery and solar panels on the rooves of the Mill Meads estate houses which are predominantly council owned therefore this is a possible route and the area can be sustainably enhanced. The houses within the estate could also possibly have enhancements such as bird houses attached to the houses to accommodate the wildlife in the area. There is also the adition of green corridors within the map that enhances the access to the three mills green and access to the the green way and the river promoting more usage and more walking for people in the area.

Abbey Mills Park Marco Mantega This project aims to reclaim an underused and neglected area, turning it into a cultural and ecologic hub managed, supervised and run by the local community. Instead of proposing defined and constrained designs, this project should serve only as an instigator, correcting assymetric information and connecting the local community with what the area could become. Proposition of local fair with new leisure features and added greenery (Elevation) Proposition of local fair with new leisure features and added greenery Proposition of local gardens with reappropriation of the sidings, new leisure features and added greenery Proposition of reappropriation of inaccesible structures of the Abbey Mills Pumping station Proposition of local fams with new leisure features and added greenery (right) vs its current state (left) Plan 1:100

Manor Road/West Ham Mahdis Hosseini • Green walls and art and design on the wall along the Manor Road to give a better visual to the road • Food containers next to the Star Lane DLR station workers and residents can have easy access to food needs • Street and walkways designs Green and open spaces, pavements and side walks, disability accessibility, new retailers, and connection are among the enhancements to Manor Road/West Ham.